Cryptocurrency (also known as “crypto”) is the next big thing in the financial world and with investors. It’s the new buzzword. This digital currency operates independently of a central bank, making it both secure and decentralized. However, like any potential investment opportunity, there are advantages and disadvantages to consider before investing in crypto. 

Cryptocurrency is kind of a mystery to many people. And in reality, it can be a bit of a hard concept to grasp. So consider this a beginner’s guide to cryptocurrency investments. This article will look deeper into putting your money into digital currency. We’ll cover the pros and cons as well as how to get started.

What is Cryptocurrency?

Cryptocurrency is a digital (or virtual) currency that uses cryptography to secure/verify transactions. It also uses cryptography to regulate the creation of new units. Crypto is not controlled by a central financial institution or bank. Instead, the currency can be moved directly between individuals without an intermediary like a financial institution.

Ok, so What Is Cryptography?

Cryptography is a method of protecting communication and information through the use of computer code. It is designed so that only those people for whom the information is intended can see it. The most common example of cryptocurrency is Bitcoin. 

What Is Bitcoin?

Many people refer to Bitcoin as the original cryptocurrency. It was created in 2009 by an anonymous entity named Satoshi Nakamoto. Today, thousands of different and unique cryptocurrencies have been established.

Cryptocurrencies are primarily based on ledger technology known as the blockchain. The system uses cryptography to maintain a constantly growing list of records called blocks. Each block has a cryptographic hash of the previous block, a timestamp, and transaction data. This ensures tamper-proof ledgers and produces transparent transaction records.

Pros and Cons of Investing in Cryptocurrency

Using crypto is often utilized as a means of circumventing banks and enabling more efficient, safe, and decentralized transactions. However, it also comes with risks such as market volatility, regulatory uncertainty, and the potential for fraud or hacking. Here are some of the most common pros and cons of investing in crypto: 

The Pros

High Return Potential

This is one of crypto’s biggest pros. The value of digital currencies can skyrocket in a short amount of time as opposed to traditional stocks or mutual funds. For example, Bitcoin went from worth less than $1 in 2009 to over $60,000 in 2021. Remember, though, that there is always the possibility that a cryptocurrency’s value can fall as quickly as it rises. But for those willing to take the risk, putting money into crypto can be an extremely lucrative opportunity.


Crypto is not governed by a central authority; it functions on a peer-to-peer network. Because all transactions are verified and recorded on the blockchain, they cannot be altered or tampered with. This ensures transparency and security.


Unlike traditional investments, crypto is easily accessible to anyone with an internet connection. This means you don’t need a brokerage account, and you don’t have to meet specific income requirements to invest. Additionally, most crypto exchanges have low minimum investment requirements. This makes investing possible for anyone, regardless of their financial situation.

The Cons


This is one of the biggest cons of investing in crypto. Again, digital currencies can experience rapid increases and decreases in value. And while this can lead to high returns, it can also cause significant losses. Also, the market can be influenced by external factors like government regulations and adoption rates.

Lack of Regulation

Since crypto is not governed by a central body, there are no laws or regulations in place to safeguard investors. This lack of regulation makes it easier for hackers to exploit vulnerabilities and steal from investors. Some countries are just starting to regulate cryptocurrency, but regulation is still in the early stages and not widespread. 

Limited Acceptance

While digital currencies are gaining popularity, they are not always recognized as a legitimate means of payment. In other words, you can only spend crypto at businesses that accept it as a form of currency. This list grows every day. However, it still limits the use of cryptocurrency and its usability and makes it difficult for investors to sell their holdings. Additionally, there’s always the risk that a cryptocurrency could lose popularity and become obsolete, rendering your investment worthless.

How To Invest in Cryptocurrency

Now that we have discussed the ups and downs of putting your money into cryptocurrency, let’s look at how to do it, step by step.

  1. Choose a Cryptocurrency Exchange – Choosing a reputable exchange is the first step in crypto investing. Exchanges are platforms that serve as a base for trading digital currencies. Some of the largest and most popular exchanges include Coinbase, Binance, and Kraken. Always consider factors such as security, fees, and the variety of cryptocurrencies available when deciding which exchange you want to use.
  2. Create an Account – After deciding on the right exchange for you, you can quickly and easily set up your account. Most exchanges require your name, email address, and government-issued ID, but some may also want information such as a selfie or proof of address.
  3. Fund Your Account – Your new crypto exchange account will need to be funded. After all, you can’t do anything without some money in it. You can usually fund the account with bank transfers, credit/debit cards, and other cryptocurrencies. However, remember that certain payment methods may incur higher costs than others, so verify the rates and processing timeframes before making a deposit.
  4. Choose Your Cryptocurrency – Now that you have chosen, signed up for, and funded your crypto account, it’s time to pick your cryptocurrency. While Bitcoin is the most popular and widely traded option, many other lucrative options exist. Of course, before you invest in any crypto, please do your homework and learn about its technology, market trends, and potential hazards/risks.
  5. Buy and Hold or Trade – Now it’s time to start trading. You can buy and hold or trade. Buying and holding (also called HODLing) means purchasing crypto and holding onto it for some time in the hope that its value will increase eventually. Conversely, trading involves buying and selling crypto frequently to take advantage of market fluctuations.
  6. Secure Your Holdings – Whether you choose to buy and hold or trade, securing your holdings is crucial. Cryptocurrency is stored in digital wallets, which are often vulnerable to hacks and scams. Therefore, using a hardware wallet to protect your holdings is a good idea. This type of cold wallet stores your keys in an external device, ensuring security from online hackers.
  7. Monitor Your Investment – Finally, monitoring your cryptocurrency investment regularly is essential. Keep track of market trends and news that could impact the value of your holdings. It’s also a good idea to set a target price and sell your holdings if the value exceeds that price. Remember that crypto investing is inherently risky. It is imperative to be vigilant and prepared for any potential losses.

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Closing Thoughts on Cryptocurrency for Beginners

Crypto can be a fun and rewarding investment to add to your portfolio. As long as you know what you are getting into and are willing to take the risk, crypto may be a good option for you. Make sure to weigh the pros and cons and do your research to choose a suitable exchange for you. As long as you monitor your investment regularly, you could find yourself with some incredible returns.